Screening of non-smoking women in Taiwan associated with lung cancer overdiagnosis

A new study based on data from a national cancer registry in Taiwan found evidence that lung cancer screening may be leading to overdiagnosis at the population level. Low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) has been promoted in Taiwan to people, especially young women, who do not have a history of smoking. Investigators from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and collaborators at Taipei […]

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Alcohol use decreases steadily among men, but problem drinking increases during the pandemic

Alcohol consumption during the coronavirus pandemic declined among men, while it remained steady among women, according to a new RAND Corporation study. Researchers found that alcohol-related problems increased during the pandemic, by 49% for women and 69% for men, but the reasons for the problems remain unclear. The study, which has examined alcohol use at three periods during the pandemic […]

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CIOs' 5-year plans for precision medicine and emerging technologies

One of the next big shifts in patient care will be precision medicine will be “an emerging approach for disease treatment and prevention that takes into account individual variability in genes, environment and lifestyle for each person,” as the Precision Medicine Initiative describes it. For physicians and researchers this means predicting more accurately which treatment and prevention strategies for a particular disease […]

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Death during sex isn’t just something that happens to middle-aged men, new study finds

Sex has many beneficial physical and psychological effects, including reducing high blood pressure, improving the immune system and aiding better sleep. The physical act of sex and orgasm releases the hormone oxytocin, the so-called love hormone, which is important in building trust and bonding between people. But there’s a dark side: people sometimes die during or shortly after sex. The […]

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Lung Transplant Recipient Recovers From COVID for Second Time

Editor’s note: Find the latest COVID-19 news and guidance in Medscape’s Coronavirus Resource Center. In July 2020, COVID-19 patient Brian Kuhns underwent a double lung transplant — then a little-used procedure to battle the lung-damaging virus. Today Kuhns is even more of a medical success story: He recently survived COVID for a second time. “They said if I got COVID […]

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Cucumbers: Health Benefits & Nutrition Facts

Few foods, as they say, are as cool as a cucumber. A cucumber’s nutritional benefits are ideal for healthy eating, because these low-calorie veggies contain many hydrating properties and valuable nutrients. In 2019, the cucumber was even elevated to the status of superfood, according to Men’s Health.  There are hundreds of varieties of cucumber, and they come in dozens of […]

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Silencing a faulty gene may uncover clues to rare forms of ALS

Using an experimental drug, researchers have been able to suppress a mutated amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) gene. Studies in mice demonstrate that the therapy could show promise in treating rare, aggressive forms of ALS caused by mutations in the fused in sarcoma (FUS) gene. The study, published in Nature Medicine, was funded in part by the National Institute for Neurological […]

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Staff assumptions about race play a role in the variability of care of nursing homes residents with advanced dementia

A new study published today in the Journal of the American Medical Association Internal Medicine (JAMA IM) found several factors—including staff assumptions about minoritized groups—may play a role in the variability in the quality of care provided to U.S. nursing home residents with advanced dementia The study, “Nursing Home Organizational Culture and Staff Perspectives Influencing Variability in Advanced Dementia Care: […]

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