Low-calorie sweeteners do not mean low risk for infants

Many people turn to artificial or so-called natural sweeteners to cut calories and lose weight. A new study led by Dr. Raylene Reimer, Ph.D., published in the high-impact journal Gut discovered that the consumption of low-calorie sweeteners while pregnant increased body fat in their offspring and disrupted their gut microbiota—the trillions of bacteria and other microorganisms that inhabit the intestinal […]

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People who nap are more productive, says study

Looking for a way to get more done with your day? It might sound counterintuitive, but try taking a nap. The key to being a productive person might be taking a quick snooze, suggests new research. A study of 2,000 Americans examined their napping preferences and their personality traits. They found that those who identified as nappers were also more […]

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Understand your sleep cycle to wake up fresh

Don't want to wake up like a zombie? Try understanding your sleep cycle. Sleep is a luxury we crave on a Sunday afternoon. But, ever woken up feeling lethargic after having slumbered for long hours or functioned better despite a shorter shut-eye? The answer lies in your sleep cycle and we tend to snooze in distinct stages. While one may […]

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Gene therapy prevents disorders with alcohol exposure in ALDH2 deficiency

A new study has shown that gene therapy to treat one of the most common hereditary disorders, aldehyde dehydrogenase type 2 (ALDH2) deficiency, may prevent increased risk for esophageal cancer and osteoporosis associated with chronic alcohol exposure. The study, performed in a mouse model of ALDH2, is published in Human Gene Therapy. Ronald Crystal, Matthew Greenblatt, Katie Stiles, and colleagues […]

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New method predicts individual response to Ebola infection

Not everyone who catches Ebola dies of the hemorrhagic virus infection. Some people mount a robust immune defense and recover fully. Yet risk factors for susceptibility to infection and disease severity remain poorly understood. A team at the Center for Infection and Immunity (CII) at Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health has used a specially bred population of laboratory […]

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Eye-tracking data improves prosthetic hands

Prosthetic hands restore only some of the function lost through amputation. But combining electrical signals from forearm muscles with other sources of information, such as eye tracking, promises better prostheses. A study funded by the SNSF gives specialists access to valuable new data. The hand’s 34 muscles and 20 joints enable movements of great precision and complexity, which are essential […]

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Researchers find synchronization of memory cells critical for learning and forming memories

The phrase “Pavlov’s dogs” has long evoked images of bells, food and salivating dogs. Even though this tried-and-true model of repetitive patterns mimics a variety of learning processes, what happens on a cellular level in the brain isn’t clear. Researchers at the University of New Hampshire took a closer look at the hippocampus, the part of the brain critical for […]

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