New way for gut neurons to communicate with the brain

A new study reveals how neurons in the gut wall relay sensory information to the spinal cord and brain, which may influence mood and well-being. The enteric nervous system (ENS) — sometimes referred to as the “second brain” — is the nervous system of the gut. It contains some 500 million neurons and controls important reflexes, such as peristalsis, the […]

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Hot weather and asthma: Does hot weather make asthma worse?

In England, there are about 2000 heat related deaths every year as a result of dehydration, overheating, and heat exhaustion or heatstroke. Overheating can exacerbate symptoms of heart conditions or conditions that cause breathing issues. Does this include asthma? Does hot weather affect asthma? Asthma sufferers might have noticed that their symptoms have flared up recently, with temperatures soaring as […]

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US reports show racial disparities in kids with COVID-19

Racial disparities in the the U.S. coronavirus epidemic extend to children, according to two sobering government reports released Friday. One of the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports looked children with COVID-19 who needed hospitalization. Hispanic children were hospitalized at a rate eight times higher than white kids, and Black children were hospitalized at a rate five times higher, […]

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What’s the difference between quarantine and isolation?

Preventing the spread of the virus that causes COVID-19 is key to slowing the pandemic. People who have symptoms or who have suspected or known exposure to the virus, should practice self-quarantine or self-isolation. But what do the terms mean, and which should you do? Dr. Clayton T. Cowl, a pulmonologist and chair of Mayo Clinic’s Division of Preventive, Occupational […]

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Alport Syndrome: Research highlights link between genotype and treatment effectiveness

A large-scale analysis of the clinical characteristics of Alport syndrome in Japanese patients has revealed that the effectiveness of existing treatment with ACE inhibitors and/or angiotensin receptor blockers (RAS inhibitors) varies depending on the type of mutation in the syndrome’s causal gene (COL4A5). RAS inhibitors are widely administered to patients with chronic kidney diseases as they are known to preserve […]

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