Longer duration of exclusive breastfeeding has protective effect on childhood asthma, says new study

Pregnant women and new mothers are often presented with information on the benefits of breastfeeding their infants. A new study in Annals of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology shows that a longer period of exclusive breastfeeding was associated with decreased odds of current asthma. “The results of the study indicated that the longer a mother exclusively breastfed, the lower the relative […]

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Horses and pigs sense harsh speaking tones

How we speak matters to animals. Horses, pigs and wild horses can distinguish between negative and positive sounds from their fellow species and near relatives, as well as from human speech. This, according to new research in behavioral biology at the University of Copenhagen. The study provides insight into the history of emotional development and opens up interesting perspectives with […]

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Mice use a specific neural pathway to detect shadows, and it can detect just about the dimmest shadows possible, according to new research from Aalto University and the University of Helsinki. The human eye has the same neural circuit, which researchers think could be used to probe visual diseases at unprecedented resolution. A night-vision image of a mouse swimming in […]

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Breastfeeding duration associated with cognition

Breastfeeding duration is associated with improved cognitive scores at ages 5 through 14, even after controlling for socioeconomic position and maternal cognitive ability, according to a new study published this week in PLoS ONE by Reneé Pereyra-Elías, Maria Quigley and Claire Carson of the University of Oxford, U.K. Previous studies have found an association between breastfeeding and standardized intelligence test […]

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Common prostate cancer medications may increase risk of serious metabolic or cardiovascular issues

Men taking either of the two most common oral medications for advanced prostate cancer who had also undergone hormone therapy to treat their disease were at higher risk of serious metabolic or cardiovascular issues than patients who were only receiving hormone therapy, Michigan Medicine researchers found. Patients taking abiraterone had 1.77 times the risk of being admitted to the emergency […]

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Transitional Care May Cut Risk of Hospital Readmission for Elderly Living in Long-term-care Facilities

NEW YORK (Reuters Health) – Older people living in long-term-care facilities (LTCFs) are less likely to be readmitted to hospitals and emergency departments (EDs) if they receive coordinated and continuous care as they are transferred between facilities or units. That’s according to a new systematic review and meta-analysis that examined both quantitative and qualitative studies transitional-care interventions for LTCF residents […]

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New study explores eating, drinking, and physical activity among middle aged women living with obesity and urban poverty

Obesity (a body mass index [BMI] greater than 30) is associated with cardiovascular disease, diabetes, mobility deficits and other health issues, yet attaining and maintaining a healthy weight is difficult, especially for those who live in urban poverty. To help identify opportunities to lessen their weight-management burden, research scientists from Regenstrief Institute and Indiana University have conducted a new study […]

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Immune response and the lymphatic system are central to cardiac repair after a heart attack, according to a study from Ann & Robert H. Lurie Children’s Hospital of Chicago and Northwestern University Feinberg Cardiovascular Research Institute. These insights into the basic mechanisms of cardiac repair are the first step towards developing novel therapeutic approaches to preserve heart function. Findings were […]

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